Delta Medix Patient General Information

Endometrial Cancer

Endometrial or uterine cancer forms in the tissue lining the uterus (the small, hollow, pear-shaped organ in a woman’s pelvis). Most endometrial cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).

Cancer cells can spread by breaking away from the uterine tumor. They can travel through lymph vessels to nearby lymph nodes. Cancer cells can also spread through the blood vessels to the lung, liver, bone, or brain. After spreading, cancer cells may attach to other tissues and grow to form new tumors that may damage those tissues.

The most common symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding. It may start as a watery, blood-streaked flow that gradually contains more blood. After menopause, any vaginal bleeding is abnormal.

These are common symptoms of uterine cancer

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding, spotting, or discharge
  • Pain or difficulty when emptying the bladder
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pain to the pelvic area

These symptoms may be caused by uterine cancer or by other health problems. Women with these symptoms should tell their doctor so that any problem can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.

Treatment Options for Endometrial Cancer

  • Surgery is the most common treatment for women with uterine cancer. You and your surgeon can talk about the types of surgery (hysterectomy) and which may be right for you.
  • Radiation Therapy is an option for women with all stages of uterine cancer. It may be used before or after surgery. For women who cannot have surgery for other medical reasons, radiation therapy may be used instead to destroy cancer cells in the uterus. Women with cancer that invades tissue beyond the uterus may have radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It affects cells in the treated area only. The two types of radiation therapy used are external radiation and internal radiation.
  • Chemotherapy uses anticancer drugs to kill cancer cells. It may be used after surgery to treat uterine cancer that has an increased risk of returning after treatment. Chemotherapy may also be given to women whose uterine cancer cannot be completely removed by surgery. For advanced cancer, it may be used alone or with radiation therapy. Anticancer drugs may be given through a vein, but some may be given by mouth.
  • Hormone Therapy
    Some uterine tumors need hormones to grow. Hormone therapy may be a treatment option for women with advanced uterine cancer. The most common drug used for hormone therapy is progesterone tablets.