Delta Medix Patient General Information

Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer forms in the tissues of the kidneys. Kidney cancer includes renal cancer and renal cell carcinoma. Renal cell carcinoma forms in the lining of very small tubes in the kidney that filter blood and remove waste products. Renal pelvis carcinoma forms in the center of the kidney where urine collects.

Cancer cells can spread by breaking away from the original tumor. They may enter blood vessels or lymph vessels, which branch into all tissues of the body. The cancer cells may attach to other tissues and grow to form new tumors that may damage those tissues. The spread of cancer cells is called metastasis.

Common symptoms of kidney cancer are

  • Blood in your urine (which may make urine look rusty or darker red)
  • Pain in your side that does not go away
  • A lump or mass in your side or abdomen
  • Weight loss for no known reason
  • Fever
  • Feeling very tired

These symptoms may be caused by kidney cancer or by other health problems. People with these symptoms should tell their doctor so that any problem can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.

Treatment Options for Kidney Cancer

  • Surgery is the most common treatment for people with kidney cancer. The type of surgery depends on the size and stage of the cancer, whether you have two kidneys, and whether cancer was found in both kidneys. You and your surgeon can talk about the types of surgery and which may be right for you.
  • Targeted Therapy refers to a type of drug used for people with kidney cancer that has spread. Many kinds of targeted therapy are used for kidney cancer. This treatment may shrink a kidney tumor or slow its growth.
  • Biological Therapy for kidney cancer is a treatment that may improve the body’s natural defense against cancer (the immune system response). The biological therapy is injected intravenously or under the skin. The treatments can slow the growth of the tumors or shrink them.