Although cystitis refers to inflammation in the bladder, interstitial cystitis is not caused by bacteria and is not helped by taking antibiotics.
- Microscopic blood in the urine
- Feeling that you need to empty your bladder soon, even after just urinating
- Emptying your bladder every 15 to 20 minutes
- Waking up more than twice at night to urinate
- Dull or sharp burning discomfort from the bladder and radiating to the genital area
- Symptoms worsen after eating caffeine, spicy or acidic foods or after drinking some wines
- Symptoms may worsen after having sex (women)
- Your doctor will do a thorough history and physical exam.
- Urine test
- During physical exam there is pain when the doctor presses above the bladder
- Cystoscopy – a small scope is inserted through the urethra, into the bladder to look for small areas of bleeding in the bladder wall
- Cystometrogram – also called bladder hydro distention, the bladder is filled with water to check bladder capacity (how much urine your bladder will hold)
- There is no known cure for interstitial cystitis.
Treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and may
- Medications to decrease symptoms
- Biofeedback assisted pelvic muscle exercises
- Following a diet which includes staying away from foods that are acidic and caffeinated
- Currently, there is no known way to prevent getting interstitial cystitis. Drinking plenty of fluids may help.