Comprehensive Urology

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The daVinci System

Delta Medix Patient General Information

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTI’s) are the most common bacterial infection in humans of all ages.

Risk factors

  • Poor hygiene
  • Weakened immune system
  • Pregnancy
  • Gender – women and female children are at higher risk since the female urethra is shorter
  • Sexual intercourse – because the urethra is located close to the vagina and rectum, germs can easily be spread and infect the bladder
  • Enlarged prostate (BPH) – in men
  • Incomplete bladder emptying

Symptoms

Symptoms you might notice are:

  • Burning or pain when passing urine
  • Urgent need to urinate and feeling that there is still urine in the bladder when finished
  • Bladder pain or pressure with occasional lower back or pelvic ache
  • Cloudy, milky, blood-tinged, and/or foul smelling urine
  • Low grade fever, chills, fatigue

Diagnosis

Urinalysis and culture are performed at the lab. Urinalysis results are normally reported right away, but final urine culture results may take up to 3 days.

Diagnosis may be based on:

  • Urinalysis is positive for nitrites (means that there are bacteria, red and white blood cells in the urine)
  • Urine culture shows bacteria
  • Red or white blood cells seen on urinalysis under a microscope

Treatment

  • Prescribed antibiotics – it is important to take all prescribed doses of medication to be sure that all bacteria are gone, even if you feel better
  • There are some medications that can help to decrease the burning feeling. These medications may change the color of your urine.

Prevention

  • Females should wipe from front to back after urination
  • Females should pass urine before and after sexual intercourse to keep bacteria from spreading into the bladder
  • Drink plenty of water (unless you have been told to limit your fluid intake), cranberry juice may be helpful
  • Call your doctor if you are not feeling better after beginning treatment
  • Follow your doctor’s advice about follow-up