Comprehensive Urology

Diseases and Conditions


Imaging Services

Delta Medix Patient General Information

Delta Medix Patient General Information

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTI’s) are the most common bacterial infection in humans of all ages.

Risk factors

  • Poor hygiene
  • Weakened immune system
  • Pregnancy
  • Gender – women and female children are at higher risk since the female urethra is shorter
  • Sexual intercourse – because the urethra is located close to the vagina and rectum, germs can easily be spread and infect the bladder
  • Enlarged prostate (BPH) – in men
  • Incomplete bladder emptying


Symptoms you might notice are:

  • Burning or pain when passing urine
  • Urgent need to urinate and feeling that there is still urine in the bladder when finished
  • Bladder pain or pressure with occasional lower back or pelvic ache
  • Cloudy, milky, blood-tinged, and/or foul smelling urine
  • Low grade fever, chills, fatigue


Urinalysis and culture are performed at the lab. Urinalysis results are normally reported right away, but final urine culture results may take up to 3 days.

Diagnosis may be based on:

  • Urinalysis is positive for nitrites (means that there are bacteria, red and white blood cells in the urine)
  • Urine culture shows bacteria
  • Red or white blood cells seen on urinalysis under a microscope


  • Prescribed antibiotics – it is important to take all prescribed doses of medication to be sure that all bacteria are gone, even if you feel better
  • There are some medications that can help to decrease the burning feeling. These medications may change the color of your urine.


  • Females should wipe from front to back after urination
  • Females should pass urine before and after sexual intercourse to keep bacteria from spreading into the bladder
  • Drink plenty of water (unless you have been told to limit your fluid intake), cranberry juice may be helpful
  • Call your doctor if you are not feeling better after beginning treatment
  • Follow your doctor’s advice about follow-up